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Grand Canyon could be the most recognizable landmark on the planet. And it is massive sufficient to carry numerous details, figures and historic particulars you in all probability by no means knew.

As Grand Canyon Nationwide Park celebrates its centennial throughout 2019, listed here are 100 issues it is best to know concerning the pure marvel.

Grand Canyon details and figures

In 1926, Grand Canyon’s first 12 months as a nationwide park, it had 37,745 guests. In 2017, the newest 12 months for which stats can be found, the park had 6.2 million guests.

The Grand Canyon is 277 miles lengthy and 18 miles huge at its widest level.

At 1.2 million acres (1,902 sq. miles), Grand Canyon is the 11th largest nationwide park in the US.

The park is bigger than Rhode island (1,zero34 sq. miles).

With greater than 6 million guests a 12 months to the South Rim, Grand Canyon is the second most-visited nationwide park. Nice Smoky Mountains Nationwide Park attracts greater than 11 million guests yearly.

Extra: Grand Canyon: How to make the most of your visit

Although simply 10 air miles separate the customer companies on the park’s North and South rims, 211 street miles and greater than 4 hours of windshield time await those that wish to drive from one to the opposite.

Because of its distant location, the Grand Canyon’s North Rim sees simply 500,000 guests a 12 months.

The Colorado River drops practically 2,000 toes throughout its journey by way of the Grand Canyon.

The oldest rocks are 1.eight billion years previous, predating dinosaurs.The canyon itself is roughly 6 million years previous.

There are eight layers of uncovered rock on the Grand Canyon.

On common, the Grand Canyon is a mile deep.

The North Rim is roughly 1,300 toes increased than the South Rim.

The canyon boasts about 91 species of mammals, 447 species of birds, 58 species of reptiles and 18 species of fish (5 of them native).

Botanists have counted 1,750 plant species rising within the park.

The Grand Canyon pink rattlesnake is discovered solely throughout the park’s boundaries. It is one among six rattlesnake species that stay contained in the park.

However probably the most harmful creature at Grand Canyon, based mostly on unlucky encounters with guests, is the rock squirrel. Dozens of individuals annually are bitten, many whereas trying to feed the not-as-adorable-as-they-look creatures.

The Colorado River has a most depth of 85 toes.

The temperature of the Colorado River by way of the Grand Canyon averages a cold 50 levels.

Sure, one of many seven wonders of the world has a bodily deal with. It is 20 South Entrance Highway, Grand Canyon, AZ 86023.

Want the park’s mailing deal with? Ship letters and packages to P.O. Field 129, Grand Canyon, AZ 86023.

Grand Canyon notable folks

Primarily based on archaeological findings, the primary folks passing by way of the Grand Canyon doubtless had been hunter-gatherers 10,000 years in the past.

Eleven indigenous tribes are historically related to the Grand Canyon, together with the Hualapai, Havasupai, Hopi and Navajo.

Within the late 19th century, mining drew lots of the earliest American-European settlers. With valuable minerals scarce, they discovered tourism a extra profitable profession.

John Christmas Ives was the primary Anglo to guide an expedition to discover Grand Canyon. In his 1861 report back to Congress, he predicted the realm would stay wilderness. “The area is, after all, altogether worthless. It may be approached solely from the south, and after coming into it there may be nothing to do however depart,” he wrote.

Famed explorer John Wesley Powell was the primary to name it the Grand Canyon, doing so in 1871. Earlier than Powell and his expedition crew explored the Colorado River by way of the gorge and put it into perspective, it was known as Huge Canyon. 

It appears the Grand Canyon has at all times been an Instagrammable spot. The Kolb brothers established a photograph studio close to Vivid Angel trailhead. They took photos of people hiking and riding mules along the trail, then developed them of their studio and certain them in leather-based folders for $Three — roughly $83 immediately.

One of many first politicians to hunt safety for Grand Canyon was President Benjamin Harrison. As a senator, he launched three payments to Congress to make Grand Canyon a nationwide park, the primary in 1882. In 1893, President Harrison issued an government order creating the Grand Canyon Forest Reserve, which put limits on logging.

President Theodore Roosevelt stored the Grand Canyon rolling towards national-park standing. Three years after he visited in 1903, he declared the realm a Sport Reserve, and in 1908 made it a nationwide monument. Neither declaration required congressional approval.

President Woodrow Wilson signed laws designating the Grand Canyon a nationwide park in 1919. There isn’t a proof he ever noticed the canyon in particular person.

Extra: 7 ways you’re doing Grand Canyon National Park wrong

Ralph Cameron, an Arizona prospector and businessman, had a bitter feud over federal safety for Grand Canyon. The U.S. authorities declared that Cameron, who had mining claims within the space, was trespassing on federal property. He efficiently ran for Senate in 1920 and quickly succeeded in eradicating funding to develop the park earlier than being voted out of workplace.

Architectural pioneer Mary Elizabeth Jane Colter’s work remains to be seen on the Grand Canyon. From Phantom Ranch on the Colorado River to Hermit’s Relaxation to the Desert View Watchtower, she designed buildings to mix quite than compete with the atmosphere.

Sitting presidents who’ve visited the Grand Canyon embody William Howard Taft, Theodore Roosevelt, Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush, Invoice Clinton and Barack Obama.

Dwight D. Eisenhower and Richard Nixon visited, however weren’t president on the time. 

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These historic photographs reveal the historical past behind Arizona’s No. 1 pure marvel.
Nicole Schaub, Arizona Republic

Visiting Grand Canyon

Completely one of the best tip in case you’re visiting throughout peak season: Buy an admission pass online, park in Tusayan (the little city simply outdoors the entrance gate) and take a free shuttle to Grand Canyon Village. You will keep away from lengthy entrance strains and a prolonged hunt for a parking spot.

It is a 5-mile drive from the South Rim’s entrance gate to the rim itself and Grand Canyon Village, the place the resorts and companies are.

Public WiFi is out there at two areas on the South Rim (the Canyon Village Market Deli and Yavapai Lodge) and one spot on the North Rim (the overall retailer on the entrance of the campground).

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Take a stroll again in time at Grand Canyon Nationwide Park.
USA TODAY

Resulting from a sluggish connection, do not depend on the WiFi to can help you do a lot past checking e mail and performing some gentle shopping.

In Market Village, the enterprise district of the South Rim, there’s a deli, grocery retailer, put up workplace and financial institution. 

If you wish to journey like they did within the early 20th century, take the Grand Canyon Railway from Williams to the South Rim and again. The 65-mile journey takes 2 hours and 15 minutes.

Turn into a Junior Ranger by finishing varied actions when visiting the Grand Canyon. And you do not have to be a junior. In February 2019, 103-year-old Rose Torphy earned the title.

El Tovar lodge was constructed at a value of $250,000 in 1904, roughly $7 million in immediately’s . It opened in 1905 and was positioned on the Nationwide Register of Historic Locations in 1987.

El Tovar Lodge has 78 rooms, 12 of them suites, and no two rooms are alike.

You do not have to decorate as much as take pleasure in dinner within the El Tovar Eating Room, however do not put on shorts or flip-flops.

Different lodging proper on the South Rim are Thunderbird Lodge and Kachina Lodge (lodge rooms) and Vivid Angel Lodge (cabins). The lodge rooms of Maswik Lodge are a 5-minute stroll away. Yavapai Lodge rooms are a shuttle journey away close to the Market Plaza.

The South Rim has an auto mechanic, however the store is about as much as deal solely with minor repairs.

Outside at Grand Canyon

The Grand Canyon is bike-friendly. Bike leases can be found and shuttle buses are geared up with racks. Bike-only campsites can be found on the South Rim’s Mather Campground and the North Rim Campground.

Benefit from the Park Ranger Audio Tour by calling 928-225-2907. Every of the 30 stops alongside or close to the South Rim is indicated by an indication. Name the quantity, faucet which cease you are at, then take heed to a two-minute narration of your environment. You may pay attention from wherever, together with from dwelling, but it surely will not have the identical impression as being there.

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As Grand Canyon Nationwide Park celebrates its centennial, listed here are some awe-inspiring figures about one of the vital recognizable landmarks on the planet
USA TODAY

The primary trailheads alongside the South Rim are, from west to east: Hermit, Vivid Angel, South Kaibab, New Hance and Tanner. These aren’t the one methods to discover the canyon — different, extra distant trailheads can be utilized, and hardy backpackers can put collectively prolonged routes utilizing connecting trails under the rim.

The primary dramatic overlook on the favored South Kaibab Path known as Ooh Ahh Level. It affords unparalleled panoramic views and is an effective vacation spot for day hikers because it’s simply zero.9 mile a method.

There is usually a temperature distinction of 20 levels or extra between the South Rim and the canyon ground. In summer season, it is typically within the 80s on the rim however 100 levels or extra at the Colorado River.

On common, 250 folks have to be rescued contained in the Grand Canyon annually.

The most important mistake guests make just isn’t carrying sufficient water, park rangers say. Hikers additionally underestimate the trouble wanted to get again to the rim, and put on improper footwear (together with flip-flops and excessive heels).

It takes a fairly match hiker 4 to 5 hours to hike from the South Rim to the Colorado River and, as rangers inform anybody who asks, twice as lengthy to hike again up.

The quickest recognized rim-to-rim-to-rim time (operating or mountain climbing from the South to the North and again) is 7 hours, 28 minutes and 58 seconds, set Nov. 21, 2018, by Taylor Nowlin of Portland, Oregon.

Do you have to depart unattended meals at your campsite or picnic space, ravens will pounce. The birds are infamous for ravaging belongings in quest of meals.

Wish to get married at the Grand Canyon? There are eight outside areas (six on the South Rim) and one indoor location (Shrine of the Ages on the South Rim). Lodges additionally can be found.

Wish to float the Colorado River? To get one of the best number of journeys and dates, reserve a industrial rafting journey a 12 months forward of time. However you would possibly discover dates only a month out, based mostly on demand or cancellations.

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Personal rafting permits are a distinct matter. They’re issued by way of weighted lottery, and a few folks wait so long as 5 years to attain a allow.

Annually, 503 noncommercial launches are allowed on the Colorado River by way of the Grand Canyon. And 16 concessionaires provide industrial journeys of three to 18 days.

Finest rafting climate sometimes is in April, Could, September and October. These months provide greatest probabilities for dry, gentle days.

Probably the most uncommon climate incidence on the Grand Canyon is an inversion, the place thick clouds fill the gorge under the rim. It happens as soon as each few years.

On common, Grand Canyon Nationwide Park data 25,000 lightning strikes annually.

North Rim and Phantom Ranch

Due to chilly climate that places water pipes in danger, the North Rim is open seasonally: Could 15-Oct. 15. 

By Oct. 16 annually, Grand Canyon Lodge has been winterized. Water is shut off. Bedding and furnishings are wrapped in plastic to discourage vermin, although when workers return in April to begin the reopening course of, they typically discover some rooms have been compromised.

The small guardhouse at the North Rim is unlocked in the course of the winter closure, and is stocked with meals and water ought to wayward hikers want emergency shelter. 

A skeleton crew lives on the North Rim in the course of the winter. When the snow comes, residents transfer their autos to Jacob Lake and depend on snowmobiles to get round.

The unique lodge on the North Rim burned down in 1932. A brand new one rose instead in 1937.

There’s such a excessive demand for Phantom Ranch, the one public lodging on the canyon ground, that month-to-month lotteries are held for reservations 15 months out.

Two-person cabins at Phantom Ranch are $155 per evening. Group cabins are $267 per evening. A mattress within the dorm is $53 per evening. 

Meals prices at Phantom Ranch could seem excessive ($23.65 for breakfast; $47 for a steak dinner) till you think about the price and issue of transporting provides.

Phantom Ranch is also dwelling to a telecommunications unicorn: a pay telephone. Callers should pay with credit score cart or telephone card.

The Kaibab Path Suspension Bridge, additionally known as the “Black Bridge,” is one among two suspension bridges over the Colorado River within the span of 340 miles. It lies between Navajo Bridge to the east and Hoover Dam to the west. 

The Black Bridge is 440 toes lengthy and has been in use since 1928. It connects the South Kaibab Path to Phantom Ranch.

The Silver Bridge, about 765 yards downstream from the Black Bridge, connects Phantom Ranch to the Vivid Angel Path.

Dwelling at Grand Canyon

A pipe greater than 60 years previous runs from the Colorado River to the South Rim, supplying the realm with its water.

The South Rim is a small metropolis full with college, library and neighborhood middle for year-round workers and their households.

Grand Canyon is the one nationwide park to have a Ok-12 college district. The park’s first elementary college was established in 1911.

Extra: Hitch a ride down Grand Canyon in 360 degrees

One of the vital valuable commodities on the South Rim is web bandwidth. Senior workers are more likely to stay in homes with broadband connections. For residents who lack that, one of the best alerts are present in and across the neighborhood middle.

Non secular companies within the park are supplied by seven church buildings and faiths.

Bowling is a well-liked pastime for some South Rim residents. Leagues compete on the six-lane alley inside Tusayan’s Grand Canyon Squire Inn.

To be buried within the Grand Canyon Pioneer Cemetery, one should have labored at on the park for least three years and have made a big contribution to the understanding or appreciation of the canyon.

The Skywalk is not at Grand Canyon Nationwide Park

The Skywalk, the U-shaped, glass-bottom bridge that juts over the canyon, just isn’t in Grand Canyon Nationwide Park. It is at Grand Canyon West, on the Hualapai Reservation about 250 miles and 5 hours of drive time from the South Rim.

The Grand Canyon is not the world’s grandest. Tibet’s Yarlung Tsangpo Grand Canyon is 2 miles deeper and 30 miles longer.

In December 2017, a Las Vegas household was declared Grand Canyon’s 6 millionth guests. Only one drawback: A year-end audit revealed the park acquired 5.96 million guests. 

California has its personal Grand Canyon — form of. Riders aboard the Disneyland Railroad journey alongside the South Rim by way of a 306-foot-long diorama, the longest of its type when it opened in 1958.

In 1999, the U.S. Postal Service destroyed 100 million Grand Canyon stamps. In response to these stamps, the canyon was in Colorado.

In 1979, the canyon was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Website.

It is estimated that in 2017 Grand Canyon Nationwide Park created $938 million in financial profit and 9,423 jobs in northern Arizona, in response to the Nationwide Park Service.

Lower than a fifth of the Colorado River’s size runs by way of Grand Canyon Nationwide Park. The river is 1,450 miles lengthy, 277 of that are within the park.

Of the 335 recorded caves within the park, just one is open to the general public: Cave of the Domes on Horseshoe Mesa. Officers estimate greater than 1,000 caves are tucked into the Grand Canyon.

Wish to scatter ashes at Grand Canyon?

Wish to scatter a loved one’s ashes at the Canyon? In response to the park’s web site, human ashes could also be unfold in undeveloped areas away from roads, buildings and campgrounds. The ashes have to be properly dispersed and haven’t any enamel, bone fragments or different recognizable remnants. And no markers are permitted.

Tusayan is the small city 2 miles outdoors the nationwide park’s entrance gate. It is dwelling to seven resorts and an RV park, in addition to a number of eating places and memento shops.

If seeing the precise pure marvel is not sufficient for you, go to the Imax Theater in Tusayan to see “Grand Canyon: Hidden Secrets and techniques,” a 34-minute movie displaying as much as 10 instances a day.

Within the late 1800s, the 65-mile stagecoach journey from Flagstaff to the Grand Canyon took 12 hours. A “tiny tent village” awaited guests, in response to the Arizona Republican newspaper.

Believing the canyon to be a Masonic Lodge carved by God, Phoenix Masons led by A.A. Betts met there in 1913 to confer first, second and third levels in Masonry. Betts referred to the canyon as “an abysmal slit.”

In 1905, Utah politicians tried to annex the Arizona Strip, the land north of canyon and abutting the Utah state line. Their efforts (in addition to affords to purchase or commerce for the land) spanned greater than a decade however got here to nothing.

The primary recorded flight to span the Grand Canyon occurred Feb. 24, 1919. It fueled goals of passenger flights between the El Tovar Lodge on the South Rim and Vivid Angel Level on the North Rim. The concept by no means took off.

On June 30, 1956, two passenger planes out of Los Angeles collided over the Grand Canyon, killing all 128 aboard. Poor communication, outdated visible flight guidelines and turbulent climate performed essential components, and the crash was one of many accidents that impressed the 1958 creation of the Federal Aviation Administration.

Grand Canyon is the most well-liked nationwide park on Instagram, based mostly on the newest stats (2017). With 1.9 million tags, it beat out Yosemite Nationwide Park (1.7 million).

Within the late 1950s, miners pulled roughly 1,000 tons of bat guano from a collapse a failed enterprise to capitalize on the fertilizer. Remnants of the mine, together with a terminus of a tram, stay at Grand Canyon West.

Republic reporter Perry Vandell contributed to this story.

You possibly can go on a Grand Canyon Journey!

Enter for the chance to win a trip to America’s well-known nationwide park. Prize consists of airfare, lodge, excursions and extra! Create a free on-line account with USA TODAY to enter. You could have a web-based account or subscription to be eligible to win. Entries accepted 9/9-10/29. See the official guidelines for extra particulars.

Journey consists of:

  • Roundtrip airfare for 2
  • 2-night keep on the Grand Canyon Railway Lodge
  • Three-night keep at The Grand Lodge
  • Two roundtrip luxurious dome tickets on the Grand Canyon Railway prepare
  • A mule journey tour for 2 folks

Learn or Share this story: https://www.usatoday.com/story/journey/locations/2019/02/26/100-facts-about-arizona-grand-canyon-to-celebrate-the-national-parks-centennial/2988792002/